Infection prevention and control

Competency Statement: The nursing student demonstrates the ability to reduce the risk of patients acquiring healthcare-associated infections and effectively manage infections if they occur.


The nursing student:

  1. Describes the chain of infection and the different modes of transmission of infection in healthcare
  2. Describes how different types of microorganisms spread
  3. Defines the terms colonisation, infection and antimicrobial resistance
  4. Outlines the principles of standard and transmission-based precautions
  5. Identifies people who are at particular risk of healthcare-associated infections (e.g. people who are immunocompromised) and advocates on their behalf when required (e.g. by ensuring hand hygiene practices are maintained)
  6. Explains the principles of antimicrobial stewardship
  7. Outlines procedures for informing authorities of notifiable diseases

The nursing student:

  1. Educates patients, visitors and colleagues about infection control practices and prevention strategies
  2. Demonstrates effective hand hygiene
  3. Demonstrates the use of standard and transmission-based precautions for infection prevention and control
  4. Demonstrates aseptic and non-touch techniques
  5. Uses and removes personal protective equipment in a way that minimises cross contamination
  6. Demonstrates correct use and disposal of sharps and waste
  7. Cleans or discards used equipment appropriately
  8. Manages blood and body fluid spills appropriately
  9. Raises concerns about inappropriate antimicrobial use
  10. Complies with organisational requirements for immunisation

Infection prevention and control refers to the use of effective, evidence-based strategies to prevent and manage healthcare-associated infections. It also focuses on minimising the risk of transmission by effectively using standard and transmission-based precautions and reducing the development of resistant organisms.